‘Hustle and Bustle’ is an integral part of Mumbai life because it is a city that involves commercial transactions on a daily basis. It is due to this ‘commercialized nature’, that this city possesses a ‘wonderful’ transportation system. And, one of its key components is the railway. So, the question now to be asked is, what exactly makes Mumbai Railway so unique? To answer this question, here is then presenting a few facts about the railway system in the city that you need to know.
a. When did Mumbai Railway system first come into existence?
‘16th April 1853’ was when the railway system in Mumbai first came into existence.It was on this day that the first train service from Bori Bundar (known now as Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus) to Thane covering a distance of 34 km was undertaken successfully. Furthermore, this train took a total duration of 1 hour and 25 minutes for it to run its course. In addition, it was from 1991 onwards that this railway system began swiftly expanding.
b. How is the Mumbai Railway system divided?
‘Two Zonal divisions’ is what this extremely efficient railway station comprises of. They include the: Western Railways (WR) and Central Railways (CR). In addition, long distance and freight trains also travel along the fast commuter rail corridors of both the WR and CR.
c. What does the Central Railways (CR) entail?
‘4 railway lines’ is basically what CR comprises of, and they are as follows:
- Central Line
- Harbour Line.
- Trans Harbour Line.
- Panvel-Diva-Vasai Line.
The CR consists of two corridors which run from Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (CST) to Kalyan, from which it divides into two lines one connecting to Kasara and the other to Khopoli. Furthermore, there exist three ‘interchanging’ stations on the CR line in form of Parel, Dadar, and Matunga that connect to WR. The train sheds for this line is located at Kurla and Kalwa. There are slow trains which stop at all stations, and fast trains that halt only at major stations in CR. It is headquartered at CST.
d. What does the Western Line (WR) entail?
This line basically runs parallel to the western coast of the city. The trains basically operate from Churchgate in southern part of Mumbai right up to Dahanu Road at a distance of 124 km in north. There are slow trains which stop at all stations, and fast trains that halt only at major stations in WR. It is headquartered at Churchgate.
e. What do the Harbour and Trans-Harbour Line entail?
This railway line is part of the CR line, and basically trains start from the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (CST). All trains on the harbour lines are slow, and thereby halt at all stations. This line also connects to WR from Wadala Road station and joins Mahim. Furthermore, this line consists of an ‘interchanging’ station in the form of Kurla, from where it move towards Navi Mumbai, from which it splits into two lines i.e. one connecting Thane and the other Panvel. It is headquartered at CST. The Trans-Harbour Line, connects Navi Mumbai to Thane, and was officially inaugurated by Railway Minister Laloo Prasad Yadav on 9th November 2004.
f. What does the Mumbai Metro entail?
‘Rapid Transit System’ is the technical term that best describes this type of railway service. Owned by the Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority (MMRDA) in partnership with Reliance Infrastructure, there is one line (Versova-Ghatkopar) that is operational out of 8 planned. Furthermore, there are total of 12 stations on the currently operational line. According to 2017 statistics, a total of 380,000 people use this railway service a daily basis while, about 130 million travel annually.
So, what some of facts mentioned above clearly illustrate to us is that, the Mumbai Railway System is definitely the lifeline of the ‘City That Never Sleeps’