‘City Of Dreams or City That Never Sleeps’ are the sobriquets commonly used to define Mumbai City. The reason for this, is simply the fact that this city not only provides people with a fair opportunity to fulfill their dreams but also, always seems active throughout the day. Now, for those of you who have not visited this vibrant city and intend to, then a question that might pop in your is, What aspects about this city is worth loving? The one word answer to this question is ‘many’. And so, to explain in details what those ‘features’ are, here is presenting a few vital facts of about the city that you need to understand.
a. What Is Mumbai City, Its Etymology?
Earlier known as ‘Bombay’ this city basically comprises of seven islands. They include: Isle of Bombay, Colaba, Old Woman’s Island (Little Colaba), Mahim, Mazagaon, Parel, and Worli. The original inhabitants of this city were people belonging to the local fishing community known as the ‘Koli People’. It were these natives that named the city ‘Mumbai’ after a local Hindu’ goddess known as ‘Mumbadevi’. Furthermore, the word ‘Bombay’ was apparently derived from ‘Bombaim’ (meaning a good little bay), a term used by Portuguese writer in 1508. Additionally, a resident of this city in the local language ‘Marathi’ is referred to as ‘Mumbaikar’, in which the suffix ‘kar’ means ‘resident of’.
b. What is the population of Mumbai City?
‘21.3 million’ is the estimated population of this ‘City That Never Sleeps’ according the 2016 census.
c. What is the Geography of Mumbai City?
‘603.4 km square’ is the total area covered by this magnificent city. It is divided into two parts: The Mumbai City district which covers an area of 67.79 km2 and the Mumbai Suburban district which covers 370 km2. Furthermore, the water supply of the city is provided by six lakes and they are: Vihar, Lower Vaitarna, Upper Vaitarna, Tulsi, Tansa, and Powai. However, the water from the Powai Lake is only used for industrial and agricultural purposes.
d. What is the climate of Mumbai City?
‘Tropical wet and dry’ is the word that best describes the climate of this city known for its ‘hustle and bustle’ lifestyle. The months beginning from March and ending in May constitute the extremely ‘hot and humid’ summer, with temperature ranging from an average maximum of 33.6 degree C and an average minimum of about 27 degree C. The monsoons which begin in June and end in September is ‘heavy’, with the record maximum annual rainfall recorded being ‘ 3,452 mm (136 in) for 1954’. While, the winter season beginning in November and ending in February is ‘mild’ with temperature ranging from an average maximum of 32.4 degree C and an average minimum of about 18.3 degree C.
e. The ‘Transportation’ System of Mumbai City:
The ‘Financial Capital of India’ is what this city is often referred to as and hence transportation plays a major role over here. It is well connected via railway and bus services, the cheapest mode of transport. With regards to railway, there exist three major lines in the form of Central, Western, and Harbour Lines. Trains are usually overcrowded during peak hours with about 4,500 passengers travelling during this period in a train possessing a capacity of 1700 passengers only. These trains usually begin services usually after 5 am and end at about 1 am. It was in June 2014, that Monorail also known as Mumbai Metro was first made available to the public. Currently, only one line between Versova to Ghatkopar is operational. This train service begins after 6 am and ends at 12 am.
The local bus services are provided by the state government and operated by ‘BEST’. There are number of BEST buses (a total of 4608) available that connect to all major areas in the city, and carries daily about 4.5 million passengers daily. The services begin after 5 am and end by 1 am.
There are also taxi and autorickshaw services that are available throughout the city. However, rickshaws are allowed to operate only in the suburbs and not in the city. These days private taxi services such as Uber and Ola providing air conditioned cabs are also available via mobile apps.
For travel out of the city, the Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport at Sahar Village Andheri provides international and domestic flights. It is considered to be the second busiest airport in India.
f. The economy and lifestyle of Mumbai City:
‘6.16%’ of India’s GDP is generated by the economy of this great city. It contributes to about 10,25,33, 60,20, and 40% of India’s factory employment, industrial output, income tax collections, customs duty collection, central excise collection, foreign trade collections. The sectors that generate revenue for the city are: finance, gems & jewellery, leather processing, IT, textiles, tourism, and entertainment.
‘Cosmopolitan’ is a word that best describe the lifestyle of the city. Even though the city comprises of high percentage of ‘migrant’ population, it retains the flavour of the native ‘Marathi’ speaking people. The best example being, the local food items such as vada pav, pav bhaji, poha, upma, or even the Gomantak/Malvan style meal, which are truly enjoyed by the average ‘Mumbaikar’. In terms of performing arts, the local Marathi as well as the popular Hindi Movie Industry known as ‘Bollywood’ put together help garner huge revenue for the city. Movie stars such as Aamir Khan, Shah Rukh Khan, and Amitabh Bachchan are loved by a large section of the population. Theater be it English, Marathi, and Hindi are extremely popular, is performed regularly within the city, and is patronized by a large number of people in the city. A festival to celebrate the ‘Elephant God’ such as ‘Ganesh Chaturthi’ is unique to this city, and is celebrated with lots of fanfare during either August or September.
‘Friendly and helpful’ would be the best way to describe the residents of the city. Yet another unique feature about this city is that, it is extremely safe for women since respect for ‘Womanhood’ is deeply ingrained in the culture itself.
And so, it would be right to proudly state as a ‘Mumbaikar’ that, there is only one city in India which will accept you with open arms no matter what caste, creed, religion, or even gender you belong, and that is Mumbai.